The French travel by car having decreased by almost 5% between 2010 and 2018, those of public transport increased by 14%. In 2014, 63% of French people took the bus, metro, tram or train for their daily commute. They were 73% in 2019.
In France, the mode of transport public the most used is the bus at 71% which is far ahead of Metro at 49%, then comes the tramway at 44%, then the RER and the TO HAVE.
It should not be confused safety and security. The infringement safety in public transport is defined by malicious acts, motivated by a willful intention to harm others or material goods. The security, concerns it, the involuntary, accidental and natural events.
INSECURITIES IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
From many threats, of different forms and contexts depending on the means of transport, are present in public transport. But what brings them all together isimposed otherness. Indeed, the first tensions and dissonances are formed involuntarily by a social diversity creating misunderstandings and potential conflicts.
The insecurities the most frequent ones felt by users using public transport are: physical incivility (waste, graffiti, etc.) and social (alcohol, drugs, begging, theft …), the overloaded transport or vides and all the more the night with all the dangers it entails and the assaults more or less violent towards women. More recently, the development of automatic metro lines whose piloting is provided without a driver, contributes to reinforcing the isolation, the risk of danger and the anxiety of the travelers. All the more so since the confinement which caused a significant drop in the use of public transport.
According to studies carried out by the National Observatory for Crime and Criminal Responses, 45% of users and more particularly 51% of women have ever felt or regularly feel a lack of security in public transport.
MEANS IMPLEMENTED TO GUARANTEE THE SAFETY OF THESE PLACES OPEN TO ALL
Train, metro, tram, bus
Since the signing of the Territorial Strategy for Security and Delinquency Prevention (SYSTRAL) plan for the TCL (Transports en Commun Lyonnais) network in 2014, the Rhône metropolis has actively fought against insecurities in public transport. From technical means including 7700 video surveillance cameras, security PCs for distress calls, GPS locating public transport vehicles and many more have been installed. Regarding human resources, TCL has many officers responsible for safety and traffic safety.
In 2019, the Ile-de-France region also invested heavily in the safety of its public transport services operated by SNCF and RATP in order toallay the fears of users and staff and to guarantee better transport and working conditions.
The human presence has been reinforced at any time on the entire network with, in particular, 40 teams of cyno-detection trained to respond to a potential threat (explosives, suspicious object, etc.).
The improvement in traffic was also taken into account with a increase in staff including 5,300 agents who can call the GSPR (Security Group of the Presidency of the Republic) in the event of a suspicious situation and others, in civil, missioned to fight against violence against women.
Now the video protection is generalized in all types of transport and any RATP or SNCF traveler can contact the single emergency number 31 17 through phone or by SMS to 31 17 7 if needed.
The aviation security is defined as the set of measures developed for the prevention of malicious acts (terrorism) targeting aircraft, their passengers and crew members. For example, the Filtering Inspection Stations (PIF) of airports promotes security. Likewise, since 2017, a emergency phone number for aeronautical rescue entered service (the 191).
the French aeronautical system is robust and based in particular on: surveillance actions (patrols, patrols, video surveillance, etc.) of airport areas or even the ability to prevent the risk of external attacks (surface-to-air missile fire, direct fire on aircraft, etc.) and to mitigate their effects or even in-flight security measures (ban in the cockpit, cabin surveillance, etc.).
With a significant number of unarmed civilians on board, ships and especially cruise liners are a tempting target (piracy, terrorist risk…).
Their safety is then a daily challenge. For example, an International Safety Code for ships and port facilities (code ISPS) was put in place after the attacks of 11/09/2001. The liners have video surveillance with facial recognition and the ports are also heavily controlled. Vessels can also call on themilitary intervention in the event of an attack.
In short, at the level safe, l’airplane is the most popular form of public transport sure, where there are the fewest accidents and deaths, thanks to its many technological developments. the bus follows it in third position after the train.
About the safety, each city with a public transport network tries daily and at best toimprove its threat anticipation systems in order to reduce crimes and D’soothe the anxiety-inducing feeling that users or the staff working there may feel.
At our small level, we can all contribute to anticipating these tensions between users. Let us be patient, understanding, open and smiling in order to make these fortuitous encounters enriching and positive daily experiences!